Different Types of Defibrillators
The common feature of medical defibrillation machines is that they use electric shocks to bring the heart rhythm to a normal level.

They can treat serious heart conditions like ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest and life threatening arrhythmias.

Automated External Defibrillators

There are four categories of defibrillators. There are automated external defibrillators, wearable defibrillators, advanced life support defibrillators and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. An automatic defibrillator or an AED can be used by people who have an idea of basic CPR, life support training and first aid. You can find these in many public buildings and commercial buildings such as schools, shopping malls, entertainment venues, sports areas etc. It will help to evaluate the heart rate automatically and it will give a warning to the user about the readings. Some devices will come with instructions on how to use them and this can be useful in an emergency when a person who doesn’t have good life support training is there to help the patient. 

Advanced Life Support Defibrillators

Advanced life support defibrillators or ALS are used by medical professionals. They can be used in a hospital setting or when the patient is transported to the hospital. A medical professional will be able to monitor the heart rate of the patient and when there is a complication, they can manually intercede to restore the heart rhythm of the patient. Most devices have the capability to suggest the level of shock needed in the situation. You can use pads or electrodes with this device. However, for safety reasons, defibrillation electrodes are preferred over pads. This is because it enables the doctor or the medical professional to provide an even shock to the patient. It is safe for the user as well. There are different options that will come with ALS defibrillators that will enable them to monitor carbon dioxide levels, assess blood pressure, monitor body temperature etc. They also offer CPR assistance.

Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators or ICDs are devices that can be inserted into the chest of the patient through surgery. It connects to the heart with very thin medical wires. These are used in patients who have a medical condition that puts them in a high risk category or previously undergone ventricular fibrillation. It will monitor the cardiac rhythm and the heartbeat of the patient. In an emergency, it will be able to administer a safe shock. It can reduce the risk of death in the patient by a considerable margin.

Wearable Defibrillators

Wearable defibrillators can be used by patients who are at a higher risk for sudden cardiac death. If they are not a candidate for ICD, this is an option that is explored. The wearable defibrillator will allow for analysis of the situation and to monitor the shocks. There are tracking options available as well. This can be used by patients who are waiting for an ICD or having an ICD removed. This will act as an alternative that will still deliver the treatment required by the patient.

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