Guide to Autism Assessments

It is important to have early diagnosis and intervention when it comes to individuals with autism spectrum disorder or ASD. There are companies that offer these assessments and you will be able to contact them to learn about how to start this.

The first stage of the autism assessment Point Cook will be the foundation for the process. Here, there will be information collected on the individual such as their background, developmental history and behaviour. This can be conducted online or in person. This will depend on the processes of the centre. If you prefer to conduct this online, you can look for a centre that offers this option. There will be an interview that is conducted bya professional where close family members, parents and caregiver will also be interviewed so that they can give some background on the individual that is undergoing the assessment. The professionals that will conduct this will be development paediatricians, speech language pathologists and clinical psychologists. The caregivers will be provided a questionnaire and forms that will allow them to input information about the behaviour and development of the individual.

Some of the aspects

That will be covered in the caregiver questionnaires will be communication skills of the individual being assessed, how they interact socially, if they have any repetitive behaviours etc. If they have any sensory sensitivities, this will also need to be noted down. Information about the developmental milestones of the individual will be collected from the caregivers. This will include information about when they achieved key skills such as talking, walking etc. The questionnaires will ask about social interactions and early languagedevelopment. If there are certain unique play behaviours, these will also help the assessors. The medical history of the individual will be gatheredby the assessment team. This can also include information about complications during the prenatal and perinatal stages. The family medical history will be asked as there are certain genetic factors that can increase the ASD risk.

There will be a face to face assessment

In the second session so that the assessment team is able to interact with the individual. Here, the behaviour of the individual will be observed along with their communication and social skills. There will be structured activities the individual will be engaged in to evaluate these. There are also autism specific assessment tools that will be used such as the autism diagnostic observation schedule. This will help the team evaluate the social and communication skills of the individual. The behaviour of the individual will be observed throughout the session. Some of the aspects they will pay attention to are eye contact, repetitive behaviours, gesture and stereotypical behaviours. There will also be a second interview in some cases with the caregivers or parents to gather additional information. There will be feedback provided to the family after the assessment and this will include the preliminary findings. And this will also include recommendations for supportive services and intervention methods. A diagnosis will be made once both assessment sessions are completed.